The framework for facilitating the recognition of competences gained in other countries, systems or learning settings (formal, non-formal, or informal ways of learning) by personal care and social workers travelling across Europe will be mainly based, ,as a starting point, on seven professional profiles included within the Regional Framework for Professional Profiles of Regione Lombardia (qualification sub-system of Social Services and Personal Care).

The Lombardy professional profiles will be analysed in comparison with those existing in Germany, Poland, Romania (if any) in order to highlight differences and similarities and to proceed in the development of a common recognition framework coherent with the ECVET system.

Below the list of the professional profiles, including a brief description of the main tasks :

° Family assistant/caregiver
(assistente familiare/badante)
He/she takes care of individuals with different levels of psychological and physical self-sufficiency (elderly, disabled, sick people), also by supporting the family and helping the assisted person in maintaining his/her independence and well-being, in relation with their needs and living context

° Dental assistant
(assistente odontoiatrico)
He/she works in private or public dental surgeries. His/her main tasks are those of welcoming patients, accompanying them to the chair and managing them during the dental procedures, offering practical assistance and psychological support until they leave the surgery, taking care of dental instruments

° Housekeeper
He/she helps the family in managing daily activities and his/her services are usually set on hourly basis. He/she operates for the ordinary maintenance of house in which he/she works (cleaning, hygiene, tidying up)

° Socio-assistance assistant
(ausiliario socio-assistenziale)
He/she is a health care social worker who deals with individuals who need to maintain or recover their well-being and to reduce the risks of isolation and alienation, assisting them in each aspect of their daily life.

° Care operator
(operatore socio sanitario)
He/she obtains the professional qualification at the end of a specific training programme. He/she carries out activities aiming at satisfying the needs of an individual in a social or sanitary context and to favour his/her well-being and independence. These activities are carried out both in social and healthcare field (at home or in hospital)

° Cleaner
(operatore dell’igiene)
He/she is in charge of cleaning operations of offices and working places (including rooms, furniture and working equipments). The cleaner grants the tidiness, neatness and hygiene of the work environment and can operate individually or in a teaM

° Baby sitter
(tata familiare)
He/she takes care of one or more children aged from 0 to 3 years at his/her home, at the family’s home or in a purposely equipped place, in order to promote the growing, socializing, and development of the child/children by respecting individual needs and in agreement with the family

The ICARE project was supposed to include the seven above-mentioned professional profiles in personal care and social work sector. Further analysis led to the conclusion that two of these profiles are not suitable for the ICARE aims because validation and recognition of competences would not facilitate the workers’ integration into the labour market. The five profiles which will be maintained are: Family Assistant/Caregiver, Dental Assistant, Socio-Assistance Assistant, Care Operator, and Baby Sitter.

The ICARE project will thus not consider the followings profiles: Housekeeper and Cleaner. These two professional profiles had been excluded for three main reasons:
a. For a housekeeper and a cleaner the validation of competences is not essential for a better integration in the labour market. These professions have often an on-the-job training and in few weeks a person can acquire the main competences required to work in a satisfactory way
b. For the reasons explained in point a, the recognition of competences in these professions would not help in contrasting black market
c. The five professions included in the project require a basic knowledge of medicine and personal care; for this reason a person whose competences had been certified can assure a good care of patients and children and will therefore be facilitate in entering into the labour market. Housekeeper and cleaner do not carry so much responsibility.

Arguments explained in point a, b and c clearly show that Lombardy Region and partner countries would not really benefit by validating cleaner and housekeeper competences.